Through half century's unremitting efforts, Baotou's industry has grown out of nothing
and developed into a large-scale industrial zone. Now it has formed a modern industrial and
economic system with iron and steel, rare earth, aluminium, engineering, machinery,
heavy-duty automobiles, electricity, textiles, leather products and chemicals as the main
sectors. All these industries have taken considerable place in both the local and national
Iron and Steel:
The iron and steel industry is the pillar industry in Baotou . The Baotou Iron and Steel Group
Co. Ltd. ,is one of the largest iron and steel companies in China. Its total capital is RMB24.18
billion yuan and it can produce 4.89 million tons of iron and steel and 4.57 million tons of iron
and steel products every year. These products are of high quality, and are manufactured in 38
models with l002 differentspecifications. The special alloy steel produced by the Inner
Mongolian No.2 Machinery Plant has reached advanced international level.
Rare-earth industry is Baotou's leading industry and will be the key industry for further
development.At present, there are 18 rare-earth enterprises, including the Rare-Earth
High-Tech Co.Ltd. of Baotou Iron and Steel Group, which produce a mixture of rare earth
and metal products in 80 varieties and 200 specifications. The Rare Earth Research
Institute of Baotou is China's largest comprehensive rare-earth research institute, and has
achieved more than 70 research results up to both national and international advanced
standards. Established with the approval of the State Council, Baotou Rare-earth High-Tech
Development Area, has been put into regular operation. Many high-tech projects including
the rare earth nickel-hydrogen cell and the rare earth permanent-magnet generator for
motor-bikes have just commenced operations.
Aluminium is the main nonferrous metal smelted in Baotou. Each year , Baotou' s
aluminium Company produces 136,800 tons of aluminium ingots and 3,000 tons of
aluminium materials. Other nonferrous metals smelted here include carbon (63,000tons
a year),copper (6,OOO tons a year), zinc (2,000 tons a year),magnesium (4,000 tons a
year) and gold (915,OOO grams a year).Baotou Aluminium Company is one of the eight
largest aluminium smelting enterprises in the country, and meets national advanced
level in all requirements.
Machinery and Heavy-Duty Automobile Manufacture:
There are over 200 machinery enterprises in Baotou, manufacturing different engineering
machinery and machinery used to excavate ore and oil. The products sell well both in China
and abroad. North Benz Heavy Duty Track Company, founded by introducing German Benz
technology to No.1 Machinery Plant of Inner Mongolia, has the capacity of producing 6,000
heavy-duty trucks of 8-20 tons annually and has become one of the three largest heavy-duty
automobiles producers in China. The N0.2 Machinery Plant of Inner Mongolia now produces
300 Terex self-loading heavy-duty trucks of 35-120 tons annually, after making cooperation
with British and American companies.
There are 30 chemical industry enterprises in Baotou which mainly produce sulphuric acid,
calcium carbonide, fertilizer, different forms of chloride and so on. The Baotou Huanghe
Chemical Company Limited is the largest enterprise to export calcium carbonize and one
of the largest enterprises to produce synthetic phenol in China. Many of its products have
found a ready market both at home and abroad.
Baotou and its surrounding area are rich in coal resources .The coal reserves here accoun
t for a quarter of the nation's total. The total installed capacity of the city's three thermal
power plants reach 900,000 KW. The largest thermal power plant in Asia, the Dalate Electric
Power Plant has an installed capacity of 5 million KW. It provides sufficient electricity for the
economic development of Baotou.
The electronic industry is now an important industry in Baotou, newly rising in the last 10
years. Among the main enterprises there are the Huazi Computer Company, the Baotou
Electronic Equipment Plant, the DeLi Electronic Company and the Chenlu Electronic
Company. They produce electronic products, such as quartz crystal resonators, single-chip
wave filters, and electrical resistances, which have been exported to America, Korea,
HongKong and Taiwan.
The textile industry is another supporting industry in Baotou.It includes cotton, wool and
linen spinning, and the knitting, printing and dyeing of textiles. The main textiles
enterprises are the aotou Jiujiu Group Ltd., Inner Mongolian King Deer Cashmere
Corporation, and Baotou Sumengte Linen Textile Corporation Ltd. The well-known Inner
Mongolian King Deer Corporation, has a total capital of 1.6 billion yuan and produces
knitted textiles, woven textiles and clothing in over 60 varieties and more than 1000
specifications. Some of the products have won dozens of national and international prizes.
The export quantity takes up a quarter of China's total cashmere export and the sales take
up 32.5% of the domestic market.
leather processing and leather manufacturing are traditional industries of Baotou. Since
1995, with the introduction of internationally advanced techniques and equipment and
various reforms and improvements, great changes have taken place in the whole leather
industry. The Dongbao Industry and Commerce Group Company deals with 6 product
series of leather skirts, genuine leather handbags and leather ties, which sell well in
Europe and America. King Deer Leather Group Company has an annual processing
capacity of 400,000 oxhides and one million sheepskins with high proficiency. It also
produces one million pairs of high -grade leather shoes and 300,000 items of leather
clothing a year.